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Loyola College Culion

How To Organize The Footnotes In A Chicago Style Research Paper


When you are writing any type of scientifically oriented academic content, one of the predominate questions of how to organize the footnotes in a Chicago style research paper. This is quite common due to the fact that Chicago remains one of the few formatting types which does not offer in-text citations but rather requires everything to be coordinated via footnotes.

If you are asked to produce this style of content, then you must follow the information below, but remember to always refer back to the manual for this particular reference style to determine how to properly format, italicize, and indent names, titles, and sources:

  • Inside of the body of your text, rather than an author last name and page number, you are to put footnotes, starting in numerical order at the end of sentences or where you would otherwise reference your material. It is here that you place the entire reference at the corresponding bottom of the page note, but in size 10, typically. If you refer to the same item more than once on the same page, the entire source does not need to be referenced, but a shortened version for the remainder of the times.
  • At the end of your document is where you list your notes. This is the reference page, but usually goes by the title “Notes” and contains a list of the sources which you included within the body of your content. It is here that you need to include all of the items you referred to via footnotes in your body, referenced in accordance with the reference style required of your academic institution and in alphabetical order. It is important that you refer back to the manual for this particular reference style to determine how to properly indent, italicize, and format the titles for each source you utilized.
  • After this is where you cite any of the tables, graphs, charts, or additional elements that you may have included. These are often listed as separate entities within your document but then must be contained in a large list at the end of your work. You should refer back to the manual for this particular reference style to determine how to properly indent, italicize, and format the titles for each item. Here you must list the items in accordance with the reference style required of your academic institution but listed in order of appearance.